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Importance of Umbilical Cord Stem Cells


Stem cells can specialize into different types of cells once they grow up, and in their development. Furthermore, in many tissues, they can help repair damaged tissues. When stem cells grow, it forms new cells which in turn become independent cells or remain the same. Those that specialize into different types of cells may become muscle cells, red blood cells, or brain cells.

1.Unique traits

There are two traits the make stem cells different from others. First and foremost, the cells are capable of renewing themselves through cell division, especially if they are not active for a long time. Also, experimental conditions or some specific physiologic conditions, they can be altered to become specific cells with special functions.  For body organs such as the gut or bone marrow, the cells can divide to repair and replace damage tissues or cells. However, the stem cells divide under certain conditions in organs such as the pancreas and the heart.

2.Treating different diseases

Only recently did researchers worked with two types of stem cells from humans and animals: embryonic and non-embryonic stem cells. Researchers found wants to extract embryonic stem cells from young baby’s embryos over 30 years ago. The cells that were extracted from the mouse were referred to as the human embryonic stem cells. The embryos used in the research were made only for reproductive reasons; they were then given for research with full knowledge of the donor.

3.Regenerative in nature

Due to their special and unique regenerative characteristics, the stem cells have very high potential for treat diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. However, a lot of work is yet to be carried out in the clinic as well as in the lab to comprehend how to use the stem cells for cell-based therapies to treat various diseases which is also known as reparative or regenerative medicine. But all in all, the stem cells play a vital role in the survival of an organism.

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